One of the early showmen to appreciate the potential of the cinemtograph. Originally an illusionist, he became manager of the Real Ice Skating Palace (subsequently Hengler's Circus) where the cinematograph was first shown in Glasgow. Became manager of the Britannia Panopticon in the Trongate before it was taken over by A.E. Pickard, and in the various halls he managed he promoted Hubner's Animatograph within his cine-variety programmes.
Source: Bowers, Judith. Stan Laurel and Other Stars of the Panopticon. Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 2007. p. 86-90.
Scullion, Adrienne Clare. “Geggies, Empires, Cinemas: The Scottish Experience of Early Film.” Picture House, no. 21 (1996): 13—19.